دایره لغات مربوط به جرم و جنایت در زبان انگلیسی

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در زبان انگلیسی تعداد زیادی لغت در مورد جرم و جنایت و مرتکب شدگان آن ها وجود دارد. Crime به معنای جرم و جنایت و گناه و Criminal به معنای مجرم و گناهکار و جانی است. در جدول ذیل تعدادی از کلمات مربوط به جرم ها و مرتکب شدگان آن ها برای آموزش قرار داده شده است.

 

CRIMEDEFINITIONCRIMINAL
abductiontaking someone away by force, demanding money for their safe return 
arsonsetting fire to a building, cars or property on purposearsonist
assassinationkilling a famous person or public figureassassin
assaultattacking someone physicallyassailant
bigamymarrying someone when you are already married to another personbigamist
blackmailthreatening to reveal someone’s secrets if a lot of money is not paidblackmailer*
bombingdetonating an explosive device with the plan of harming people or propertybomber
briberygiving money or granting favors to influence another person’s decisions or behaviorbriber*
burglarybreaking into a house in order to steal somethingburglar
child abusetreating a child badly in a physical, emotional, or sexual waychild abuser
corruptionbehaving illegally and dishonestly; especially those in power 
crimedoing something illegal that can be punished by lawcriminal
cybercrimedoing something illegal over the Internet or a computer systemcyber criminal
hacker**
domestic violencebehaving violently inside the home 
drunk drivingdriving with too much alcohol in your blooddrunk driver
embezzlementstealing large amounts of money that you are responsible for, often over a period of timeembezzler
espionagespying, to obtain political or military informationspy
forgeryillegally copying documents, money, etc. to cheat peopleforger
fraudgetting money from people by cheating themcon artist
fraud
genocidekilling on purpose a large number of people, especially from a particular group or area 
hijackingtaking control of a plane, train etc by force, often to meet political demandshijacker
hit and runnot stopping to help a person hurt in an accident caused by you 
homicidekilling another person on purpose 
hooliganismbeing violent or aggressive on purpose; often used to describe youthhooligan
identity theftusing someone else’s personal information for one’s own gain 
kidnappingtaking someone away by force, often demanding money for their safe returnkidnapper
libeldamaging someone’s reputation by writing lies about them 
lootingtaking things illegally and by force, during a riot, war, etc.looter
lynchingkilling someone without legal process, often by hanging, often by an angry mob 
manslaughterkilling someone by accident 
muggingattacking someone with a plan to rob themmugger
murderkilling someone on purposemurderer
perjurylying in court, while under oath 
pickpocketingstealing wallets, money, etc. from people’s pockets in crowded placespickpocketer
pilferingstealing small quantities of goods over time 
poachinghunting illegallypoacher
rapeforcing someone to have sexrapist
riotcausing a noisy, violent public disturbancerioter
robberystealing large amounts of money with force or violence from a bank, store, etc.robber
shopliftingstealing something from a storeshoplifter
slanderdamaging someone’s reputation by speaking lies about them 
smugglingtaking things secretly in or out of a place, country, jail, etc.smuggler
speedingdriving above the speed limit 
terrorismusing violence, threats, or fear, usually for political purposesterrorist
theftstealing, in generalthief
traffickingtrading something illegal like drugs, people, etc. 
treasonbetraying one’s country by helping its enemiestraitor
trespassingentering another person’s area; hurting people/damaging property through forcetrespasser
vandalismdestroying private or public property purposelyvandal
voyeurismsecretly watching naked people or sexual acts & getting sexually excitedvoyeur

* uncommon

** hacker does not technically mean a cyber criminal, but the word is often used to describe those who commit computer crimes.

 

منبع:  www.engvid.com

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